(*이 문제는 ‘국제학부 인터뷰 실전-영특트레이너 기반-제2강에서 설명됩니다.)

(출처: 연세대학교 입학처 홈페이지: http://www.yonsei.ac.kr/sc/admission/admission.jsp)

 

– 연세대 국제인제 전형 기출 (2017학년도):

 

UD-인문사회

[Question 1]

Passage 1:
The Idols of the Cave are the idols of the individual man. For everyone has a cave of his own, which refracts and discolors the light of nature, owing either to his own peculiar nature; or to his education and conversation with others; or to the reading of books, and the authority of those whom he admires; or to his mood when he first hears an idea; or to some other similar factor. So that the spirit of man is in fact variable and full of disturbance, and governed as it were by chance. Hence men look for knowledge in their own lesser worlds, and not in the greater or common world.
How do you understand the phrase “men look for knowledge in their own lesser worlds” and why do you think the author regards this as a problem? Consider the implications for both the individual and society. What steps can one take to free oneself from the Idols of the Cave?

[Question 2]

Passage 2:
The Party said that Oceania had never been in alliance with Eurasia. He, Winston
Smith, knew that Oceania had been in alliance with Eurasia as short a time as four
years ago. But where did that knowledge exist? Only in his own consciousness,
which in any case must soon be annihilated. And if all others accepted the lie which
the Party imposed — if all records told the same tale — then the lie passed into
history and became truth. ‘Who controls the past,’ ran the Party slogan, ‘controls the
future: who controls the present controls the past.’(Excerpted from ‘1984.’)
The narrator claims that Winston “knew” that Oceania had been in alliance with Eurasia, but that this was based only on a conscious memory. Do you agree that Winston really knew the supposed fact? Explain your answer. What objection might a critic raise to your view and how would you respond to this objection?

[Question 3]

The author of Passage 2 seems to be suggesting that the only way Winston has to avoid the Party’s lie, however temporarily, is by relying on his own consciousness. In what way(s) does this thought contrast with that of Passage 1? Is there one of these authors that you more agree with? Explain your answer.

 

 

UD-생명과학:(Question 1은 UD-인문 사회 계열과 동일)

[Question 2]

Graph 1:

Graph 1 shows the biological responses of two different groups of patients to
the same medical treatment.
1. Explain clearly how the distributions of responses of Patient Groups A and B
are different and how they are similar.
2. Give a concrete example of a biological response that might produce the
kind of distribution shown on the graph. In relation to this example, what
might explain the difference in the distributions of responses of the two
groups?

 

 

HASS:

[Question 1] – Answer in English or Korean

Passage 1:
The Party said that Oceania had never been in alliance with Eurasia. He, Winston Smith,
knew that Oceania had been in alliance with Eurasia as short a time as four years ago. But
where did that knowledge exist? Only in his own consciousness, which in any case must
soon be annihilated. And if all others accepted the lie which the Party imposed — if all
records told the same tale — then the lie passed into history and became truth. ‘Who
controls the past,’ ran the Party slogan, ‘controls the future: who controls the present
controls the past.’ And yet the past, though of its nature alterable, never had been altered.
Whatever was true now was true from everlasting to everlasting. It was quite simple. All
that was needed was an unending series of victories over your own memory. ‘Reality
control,’ they called it: in Newspeak, ‘doublethink.’

A. According to the passage, how does ‘doublethink’ work? Explain in your own words.
B. Please give an example of ‘doublethink’ from film, literature, current events, or from your own experience. Be ready to explain the extent to which it is ‘doublethink.’
A. 위의 제시문에 따르면 ‘doublethink’는 어떻게 작동하는지 본인의 말로 설명하시오.
B. 영화, 문학작품, 현재의 사건들, 또는 자신의 경험에 근거한 ‘doublethink’의 사례를
제시하시오. 답변 시 제시한 사례와 ‘doublethink’와의 관련성에 유의하기 바랍니다.

[Question 2] – Answer in English or Korean

Passage 2:
In a study trial lawyers are sure to find of interest, Israeli scientist Micah Edelson has
found that people’s recollections of recent events can be altered by peer pressure. The study
(published in Science) asked participants to view a movie in small groups. Directly after
the movie, participants were questioned individually about it. Some participants were very
sure their answers to interviewers’ questions about the movie were correct.
Four days later, the interviewers asked participants about the movie again (especially on
the items the participant felt strongly they had answered correctly). However, this time, the
interviewers presented the participants with false information about the film, allegedly
provided by the other people in the participant’s viewing group. Edelson found that in
nearly 70% of cases, the participant changed his or her correct memory about the movie to
match the group’s incorrect memory. And in nearly half of these cases, the participant’s
memory switch was long-lasting, meaning they might no longer remember their own,
individual, correct version of the movie: instead, it had been replaced with the group’s
inaccurate memory.
“Our memory is surprisingly susceptible to social influences,” Edelson said. This can be a
source of concern to some, he noted, since “studies have shown that… [witnesses] often
discuss crime details with each other before testifying, and this can definitely have an
influence on court cases.” As Edelson’s recent paper shows, a crime witness who’s had his
or her true recollection of an event altered by someone else’s faulty recollection may lose
their initial memory of the event forever. It’s neurologically possible for a witness’s (or a
juror’s) memory of an event to truly change under social pressure.

A. In what other area of contemporary life can one’s individual memory or opinion be susceptible to social influence in a way that leads to a social problem? What are the dangers of such influence?
B. Compare and contrast the issues raised in the above passage with those raised in passage 1, from diverse perspectives.
A. 사회문제를 일으킬 정도로 개인의 기억이나 의견이 사회적 영향에 취약할 수 있는 현대생활의 분야는 무엇인가? 그리고 그러한 영향의 위험은 무엇인가?
B. 첫 번째 문제의 지문과 두 번째 지문에 제시된 주제를 다양한 각도로 서로 비교하고 대조하시오.

[Question 3] – Answer in English

Many people claim that “knowledge is power.” What do you think of this claim?
‘지식이 힘이다’라는 말이 있다. 이 주장에 대해 어떻게 생각하는가?

 

ISED (융합과학공학부):

Part I.

Plants can convert carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O) into carbohydrates and oxygen
(O2) using light energy. This process is called ‘photosynthesis’, which occurs mainly in plant
leaves (Figure 1).Figure 1. Chemical reaction of photosynthesis that occurs in tree leaves.
Temperate deciduous forests are dominated by trees that lose their leaves in autumn and
winter, while performing active photosynthesis in summer. The forests are found in wide
areas in the Northern Hemisphere in places such as the East coast of North America, Europe,
and far-Eastern Asia, including Korea, China and Japan. In contrast, relatively smaller areas
of temperate deciduous forests exist in the Southern Hemisphere (Figure 2).

Figure 2. Global distribution of temperate deciduous forests.

Atmospheric CO2 concentrations in the Northern Hemisphere exhibit seasonal variations as
presented in Figure 3. The concentration reaches its annual maximum in late spring (May)
while it goes down to its minimum in late summer (September).

Figure 3. Seasonal variations of CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere that were monitored
in the Northern Hemisphere between 2014 and 2016.

[문항 1]
a) 왜 이산화탄소 농도는 늦봄에 최고치에 달하고, 늦여름에 가장 낮은 농도를 보이는가? 그림 1과 2에 주어진 정보를 토대로 설명하시오.
b) 만일 같은 측정을 남반구에서 수행했다면 어떤 형태가 예상되는가? 최고점과 최저점이 나타나는 시점, 파장의 진폭 (Line C)의 상대적 크기 등을대상으로 설명하시오.
[Question 1]
a) Why does CO2 concentration reach its peak in late spring while it exhibits the lowest value in late summer? Explain it using the information provided in the Figures 1 and 2.
b) What kind of pattern do you expect if the concentrations would be measured in the Southern Hemisphere? Explain it in terms of the timing of peaks and valleys, and the relative size of the amplitude (Line C) of the cycle.

Part II.

Humans have trichromatic color vision, as our ability to perceive colors is produced by the
stimulation of three types of cones in the eye: blue or short-wavelength (S) cones; green or
medium-wavelength (M) cones; and red or long-wavelength (L) cones (Figure 1). The
ability to see all the colors from stimulation of the three types of cones is exploited by color
displays where a picture element or a pixel, the smallest addressable element, reproduces
color using sub-pixels of only red, green, and blue.

Figure 1. The three types of cones absorb light best at wavelengths perceived as blue (B),
green (G), and red (R).
Currently, transmissive displays such as liquid crystal displays (LCDs) or emissive displays
such as organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs) utilize an additive color system of red (R),
green (G), and blue (B). On the other hand, color inkjet printing utilizes a subtractive color
system of cyan (C), yellow (Y), and magenta (M). The additive color system starts with a
dark screen (black K) and adds primary colors to create a wide range of colors, while the
subtractive color system starts with white paper (white W) and subtracts primary colors from
the light, giving it color.
Printed papers provide an advantage as you can read in daylight without extra power.
Increasing demand for a sustainable display solution requires a technological innovation in
reflective displays. The technology requires a pixel architecture to achieve maximum
reflection for brightness and maximum color fraction for colorfulness. Color fraction is the
effective fraction of the pixel area that can display a primary color. To estimate the maximum
reflection and maximum color fraction, we use the following assumptions.
1) Sub-pixel provides uniform primary color with its area of 33 % (3 sub-pixel system).
2) R, G, or B covers 33% and C, M, or Y covers 66% of visible wavelength range.
3) White sub-pixel is 100 % reflective and black sub-pixel is 100 % absorptive.
Figure 2 illustrates one example of a reflective pixel architecture using a 3 sub-pixel system
of RGB or CMY color filters combined with a switchable black-to-white layer.

 

Figure 2. Example of a pixel architecture using a 3 sub-pixel system of primary color filters
(non-switchable) combined with a W/K layer (switchable).

[문항 2]
a) 그림 2에 나타난 RGB 및 CMY 서브 픽셀(화소)들을 갖는 픽셀 구조에서
최대 반사율 및 최대 색상율을 구하시오.
b) 위의 RGB 컬러필터의 경우 흰색을 추가하여 4개의 서브 픽셀 시스템으로
픽셀 구조를 다시 디자인 하는 경우 최대 반사율 및 최대 색상율을 구하
시오.
[Question 2]
a) Estimate maximum reflection and maximum color fraction for the pixel architectures with RGB sub-pixels and CMY sub-pixels, respectively, as shown in Figure 2.
b) If we now re-design the pixel architecture with a 4 sub-pixel system by adding a white sub-pixel to the case of RGB color filter, estimate the maximum reflection and maximum color fraction.

Part III.

Steve Jobs mentioned in his famous commencement speech, “Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish” and also talked about “Connecting the Dots”. Explain what you think he meant, how they can be related, and whether they are relevant to you.

 

(출처: 연세대학교 입학처 홈페이지: http://www.yonsei.ac.kr/sc/admission/admission.jsp)

 

– 고려대학교 – 실기전형 – 국제학부 (2016학년도):(에세이 작성 30분, (면접 준비 12분), 면접 6분)

*본 문제는 ‘국제학부 인터뷰-영특트레이너 실전’과정 제4강에서 해설되어 있습니다.

(출처: 고려대 입학처 홈페이지: https://oku.korea.ac.kr/oku/index.jsp)

 

– 고려대학교 – 실기전형 – 국제학부 (2017학년도):(에세이 작성 30분, (면접 준비 12분), 면접 6분)

Passage:

Multinational corporations (MNCs) are private companies that conduct business (or have business interests) in more than one country. Their growth has been significant—in 1969 there were roughly 7,000 major MNCs in the world, but by 2010, the total rose to more than 70,000 with more than 900,000 foreign affiliates. There are many who believe that the MNC has grown more powerful than the nation-state, with some scholars saying that companies rather than states will be the leading actors in the world economy. MNCs are powerful because of the amount of money involved in their operations as well as their integral role in providing essential state services. Their financial power is demonstrated by the fact that MNCs account for about a tenth of the world’s Gross National Product (GNP) and about a third of total world exports. While there are many MNCs, the fact is that a relatively small number of “global corporations” (e.g., IBM, GM, Toyota) predominate. And the vast majority are in the developed world.

[Questions]

1. What are the positive economic and social effects of MNCs in developing countries?

2. What are the negative economic and social effects of MNCs in developing countries?

3. What can be done to minimize the abuses and exploitations by MNCs in developing countries?

 

(출처: 고려대 입학처 홈페이지: https://oku.korea.ac.kr/oku/index.jsp)

 

*한국 외대:

문항 17 – 한국어 답변 / 문항 18 – 영어 답변:

 

 

(출처: 한국외국어대학교 입학처 홈페이지: http://adms.hufs.ac.kr/enter/html/main/main.asp)