*한양대 글로벌인재 전형 에세이 기출 문제 (2017학년도):

Read the following passages and the instruction below it. 

More and more people in modern culture exist in a state of hyper-reality, often becoming more engaged with the hyper-real world than with the real world. Media images, the Internet, computer games, and virtual worlds are taking people out of the real world more often and for longer periods of time than ever before. As a result, their connection with the real world becomes blurred with the unreal. TV and film often present a picture of reality that does not actually correspond to what is real. Due to this simulation of reality, viewers start to believe that the reality depicted in these formats represents true reality. Umberto Eco explains why hyper-reality exists: the source of hyper-reality is people’s desire for actual reality. In order to achieve actual reality, people either fabricate a false reality themselves or buy into an already fabricated reality. Driven by their desire for actual reality, people consume this false reality as if it were real. This consumption leads to the blurred lines between what is real and what is only a simulation of reality.*blurred: 불명료한, 모호한


People feel delightfully amazed by vast supermarkets and shopping malls. In a sense, such spaces create a hyper-reality in which people no longer buy goods for their use-value, but they shop because they feel an ecstasy caused by the spectacle of the goods. A big supermarket is always stocked up with a huge number of various products endlessly repeated through the whole store without any running out of the products. Shopping at the supermarket offers people the chance to float madly in a hyper-real simulation leaving behind them any reminder of reality. A shopping mall is a place that recharges people spiritually. It is an escape from reality. People try to eliminate the sense of real through buying and consumption; they feel an ecstasy when they practice excessive shopping. If the shoppers want to be seen as celebrities, they should buy jeans as worn by their favorite celebrities. Although the clothing itself has limited actual value, it symbolizes a state of being that some consumers want. Deep down, people know that this sense of ecstasy created by supermarkets and shopping malls is short-lived, and soon after people are through with shopping, they return to the real, which is, for them, fearful. As soon as they leave these hyper-real places, they start to feel sad and divorced from reality.


Disneyland is an absolutely “hyper-real” city with its re-created main streets, imitation castles and lifelike robots. In Disneyland, everything is brighter, larger and more entertaining than in everyday life. Disneyland is a place that no longer even pretends it is imitating reality, but is straightforward about the fact that within its magic enclosure it is “reality” that is absolutely reproduced. Meanwhile the visitors to Disneyland must agree to maintain order. Order maintenance is established as a voluntary activity which allows constraint to be reduced to a minimum. Thus, adult visitors willingly submit to a variety of devices that increase the flow of consumers through Disneyland, such as being lined on the monorail platform. Furthermore, while doing so, they gratefully acknowledge the concern Disney Productions has for their families, thereby accepting its authority, not only in the particular situation in question, but in others as well. Potential trouble is anticipated and prevented. Opportunities for disorder are minimized by constant instruction, and by physical barriers which severely limit the choices of action available. If people in Disneyland follow each rule correctly, they can enjoy “the real thing” and see things that are not available to them outside of Disneyland’s door.


*Tasks for the Essay:

Based on passages [A], [B], and [C], write an essay in English on hyper-reality and consumerism. In your essay you MUST address how consumerism (described in passage [B]) can be explained by hyper-reality (described in passage [A]). In addition, referring to passage [C] as well, you MUST discuss what would be the possible consequences of hyper-reality in our lives.


(출처: 한양대 입학처 홈페이지: http://iphak.hanyang.ac.kr/new/2017/intro/)



*한양대 글로벌인재 전형 에세이 기출 문제 (2016학년도):


Read the following passages and the instruction below it. 

[A] In Hobbes’s view on human nature, all mankind has the desire for “power after power,” where power in this case stands for the means for attaining our good or the object of our desires. Many different kinds of things, the things that we think make us happy, are forms of power for Hobbes, in the sense that they enable us to fulfill our desires. Differences in custom and education and in bodily constitution cause differences in the passions, that is, in the desire for riches, glory, honor, knowledge, and so on. The cause of this is not always that a man hopes for a more intensive delight than he has already attained, or that he cannot be content with a moderate power, but that he cannot assure the power and means to live well which he currently possesses. To Hobbes, competition of riches, honor, command, or other power inclines to contention, enmity, and war, because the way of one competitor to the attaining of his desire is to kill, subdue, supplant, or repel the other.*enmity 적의 *subdue 위압하다 *supplant 탈취하다


In sociology, the gaze is often thought to imply an unequal power relationship and an element of desire, and the male gaze directed at women is thought of as a specific and disempowering form of sight. Those with power are inclined to direct the gaze at those with less power. Power is often used in order to make others available for constant viewing and inspection, or to turn a person into an object. This may be illustrated in the way that the image of a female model in an advertisement tends to be perceived in society. More than just being an object of a gaze, the woman in the advertisement becomes what is being bought and sold. The message was always the same: for men, “Buy the product, get the girl” ; for women, “Buy the product to get to be like the girl, so you can get your man.” In this way, the male gaze enables women to be a commodity that helps the products to get sold. Likewise, advertising aimed at women engages in the mirror effect, wherein women are encouraged to view themselves as the male photographer views the model, therefore buying the product in order to become more like the model advertising it. The image being sold to men in the advertisement is that of an attractive girl while the image being sold to women is that if they buy the product, they, too, can be the recipients of male attention. Thus the image being sold, for both men and women, quite literally becomes that of the male gaze.*disempower 권력(힘)을 빼앗다


Historically speaking, the politicization of veiling among women in the Muslim world came about as a result of Western colonial discourse. Nineteenth-century British imperialists viewed the veil as the ultimate symbol of Eastern backwardness, and colonial measures against veiling were asserted in the name of women’s rights. This “feminism,” however, emerged as part of the development of a colonial narrative that emphasized the dominance of West over East, often giving an account of Islamic oppression of women based on misperceptions, or vague and inaccurate understanding of Muslim societies. The idea that other men in colonized societies beyond the borders of the civilized West oppressed women was to be used in the rhetoric of colonialism to render morally justifiable the project of undermining or eradicating the cultures of colonized peoples. The universalizing and homogenizing narrative of veiling set in place by the terms of colonial discourse sees all veiled women as oppressed, domesticated and rendered invisible.*homogenize 동질화하다


Based on passages [A], [B], and [C], write an essay on “The human desire for power.” In your essay you MUST address how the male gaze (depicted in [B]) and the imperialist view (depicted in [C]) can be interpreted in terms of Hobbes’s view on human nature as described in [A]. You MUST also provide your own opinion on Hobbes’s view (for example, whether you agree or disagree with Hobbes’s view on the driving force of the desire for power, and why).


(출처: 한양대 입학처 홈페이지: http://iphak.hanyang.ac.kr/new/2017/intro/)




*동국대 어학특기자 전형 에세이 기출 문제 (2015학년도):

(2016 / 2017학년도 출제 주제는 각각 ‘가난의 양면성,’ ‘미래의 새로운 직업’이었으나 입학처를 통하여 공개되지는 않았습니다.)


시험시간 : 100분
◇ 지원학부(과)에 해당하는 언어로(영어영문학부: 영어/일어일문학과: 일본어/중어중
문학과: 중국어) 답안을 작성하시오.
◇ 주어진 답안지에 아래와 같이 답안의 분량을 준수하여 작성하시오.
• 영어 : 40줄 이내 (A3 용지 기준) • 일본어 : 30줄(900자) 이내 • 중국어 : 20줄(600자) 이내
◇ 답안지의 수험번호는 반드시 컴퓨터용 수성 사인펜으로 표기하시오.
◇ 답안은 검정색 필기구로 작성하시오. (연필, 지우개 등 사용 가능)
◇ 답안지 본문과 여백에 성명, 수험번호 등 개인을 나타내는 내용을 쓰지 마시오.


※ 다음 제시문을 읽고 물음에 답하시오.

반크(VANK)는 영문 ‘Voluntary Agency Network of Korea’의 머리글자를 딴 사이버 단체이다. 인터넷상에서 전국 각지의 누리꾼들이 모여 시간과 국경의 벽을 넘어 한국과 한국인을 모르는 외국인들에게, 이메일을 통해 아름답고 순수한 한국만의 이미지를 바르게 홍보하여 세계 속에 한국 이미지를 변화시키고자 1999년 1월 1일 탄생했다. 반크의 최종 목표는 전 세계 누리꾼들에게 한국의 모습을 바로 알리는 것이다.
반크는 설립 이후 외국 누리꾼 100만 명을 1차 홍보 대상으로 삼아 이들에게 한국의 경제·문화·역사·관광 등에 관한 홍보 사업을 전개하였다. 또, 미국 중앙정보국 및 미국 정부, 내셔널 지오그래픽 사(社), 세계 최대의 지도(地圖) 출판사인 그래픽스 맵스, 세계보건기구·유네스코 등의 국제기구에 ‘동해’를 ‘일본해’로 표기하는 데 대한 항의 서한 및 시정 요구 메일을 보내는 등 활발한 활동을 전개해 왔다. 그 밖에 각종 한국 관련 해외 인터넷 사이트에서 한국 문화와 역사 및 기타 정보에 대한 크고 작은 오류를 지 적해 수정하게 하는 등 많은 성과를 거두었다.
– 『고등학교 도덕』 

[문제] 제시문의 반크(VANK) 활동을 참고하여, 반크 회원으로서 외국인들이 잘못 알고 있는 한국의 모습 중 하나를 선택하여 설명하고, 그 내용을 바로잡는 기사를 작성하시오.


(출처: 동국대 입학처 홈페이지: http://www.dongguk.edu/mbs/kr/index.jsp)